Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility
Ir al contenido principal Ir al menú de navegación principal Ir al pie de página del sitio
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2024-04-19_%E2%80%93_PBBM_to_PNPA_%E2%80%98Layag-Diwa%E2%80%99_Class_2024_Make_the_nation_proud_of_your_service_(02).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2024-04-19_%E2%80%93_PBBM_to_PNPA_%E2%80%98Layag-Diwa%E2%80%99_Class_2024_Make_the_nation_proud_of_your_service_(02).jpg
Informes
Publicado: 2024-06-07

Filipinas en 2023: el primer año de la administración Marcos-Duterte

El Colegio de México
Bio
×

Jorge Bayona

Jorge Bayona es profesor-investigador del Centro de Estudios de Asia y África de El Colegio de México. Obtuvo su doctorado en Historia en la University of Washington, Seattle, donde se especializó en Filipinas y el Sureste de Asia. Fue investigador postdoctoral en el Asia Research Institute (ARI) de la National University of Singapore y es investigador afiliado al Center for Southeast Asian Studies de la University of Wisconsin-Madison. Sus investigaciones exploran temas de imperio y colonialismo en el Sureste de Asia y han sido publicadas en TRaNS: Trans-Regional and -National Studies of Southeast Asia y Verge: Studies in Global Asias.

University of Washington
Bio
×

Kelly Van Acker

Kelly Van Acker es estudiante doctoral en Historia en la University of Washington, Seattle, donde se especializa en Filipinas y el Sureste de Asia. Obtuvo su maestría en Historia en la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, donde obtuvo el Fondo Extraordinario de Apoyo a la Investigación para estudiantes en 2022 por su tesis titulada “‘Ninguna fuerza humana podrá arrancar el castellano de las Islas Filipinas’: language and anticolonial struggle in the Philippines, 1920-1930”.

Filipinas Ferdinand Marcos Jr. Sara Duterte Mar de China Meridional Banco de Arena Ayungin

Resumen

Para quienes observan a Filipinas, la principal preocupación del periodo 2022- 2023 ha sido el rumbo del nuevo gobierno de Ferdinand Marcos Jr. con Sara Duterte (la hija de Rodrigo Duterte) como su vicepresidenta. Con la sombra del autoritarismo de su propio padre parecía verosímil que las políticas internas y externas de su predecesor podrían continuar. Si bien el gobierno de Marcos no ha constituido un cambio radical, tampoco ha seguido sus pasos en todos los puntos. En política exterior, Filipinas ha virado hacia un realineamiento con Estados Unidos; en temas internos ha habido algunas mejoras marginales. Es todavía el primer año de gobierno, así que es difícil predecir lo que ocurrirá después.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

  1. Abad, Michelle. 2023. “‘Malapit na’? Saudi OFWs Receiving Claims This Year ‘Not Realistic’ – DFA”. Rappler, 18 de agosto de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/inside-track/saudi-ofws-receiving-claims-2023-not-realistic-dfa/
  2. Amnesty International. 2023. “Philippines: Leila de Lima’s Acquittal a Long-Overdue Step towards Justice”. 12 de mayo de 2023. https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2023/05/philippines-leila-de-lima-acquittal/
  3. Ariate, Joel, Miguel Paolo Reyes y Larah Vinda del Mundo. 2022. Marcos Lies. Quezon City: University of the Philippines-Diliman.
  4. Arugay, Aries A. 2023. “US and China Fight for Influence in Strategic Provinces of the Philippines”. ThinkChina, 11 de abril de 2023. https://www.thinkchina.sg/us-and-china-fight-influence-strategic-provinces-philippine
  5. Banga, Reshmi, Kevin P. Gallagher y Prerna Sharma. 2021. RCEP: Goods Market Access Implications for ASEAN. Global Economic Governance Initiative Working Paper 045-03/2021. Boston: Boston University. https://www.bu.edu/gdp/files/2021/03/GEGI_WP_045_FIN.pdf
  6. Bello, Walden. 2023. “America’s Repossession of the Philippines”. Walden Bello, 5 de marzo de 2023. https://waldenbello.org/americas-repossession-of-the-philippines/
  7. Bolledo, Jairo. 2023a “Educators Slam DepEd’s Plan to Change ‘Diktadurang Marcos’ in New Curriculum”. Rappler, 9 de septiembre de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/educators-slam-deped-plan-change-diktadurang-marcos-new-curriculum/
  8. Bolledo, Jairo. 2023b. “Court Acquits Leila de Lima in 1 of 2 Remaining Drug Cases”. Rappler, 12 de mayo de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/muntinlupa-court-decision-acquits-leila-de-lima-one-remaining-drug-cases-may-2023/
  9. Bolledo, Jairo. 2023c. “Office of the Solicitor General Challenges Leila de Lima’s Last Acquittal”. Rappler, 11 de septiembre de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/office-solicitor-general-challenges-leila-de-lima-last-acquittal/
  10. Bolledo, Jairo. 2023d. “Ombudsman Suspends Gov’t Officials Over ‘Anomalous’ Onion Deal. Here’s Why”. Rappler, 3 de agosto de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/grounds-ombudsman-suspends-agriculture-official-anomalous-onion-deal/
  11. Buan, Lian. 2021. “Oxford: Bongbong Marcos’ Special Diploma ‘Not A Full Graduate Diploma’”. Rappler, 27 de octubre de 2021. https://www.rappler.com/nation/elections/oxford-bongbong-marcos-special-diploma-not-full-graduate-diploma/
  12. Buan, Lian. 2022. “Marcos Jr. in Ilocos Norte: Absentee Governor Who ‘Could Have Done Better’”. Rappler, 22 de enero de 2022. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/ferdinand-bongbong-marcos-jr-ilocos-norte-absentee-governor/
  13. Bueza, Michael. 2015. “Highlights: Bongbong Marcos as legislator”. Rappler, 25 de febrero de 2015. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/84936-highlights-bongbong-marcos-legislator
  14. Butuyan, Joel Ruiz. 2023. “PH Amid Looming US-China Conflict”. Inquirer, 6 de abril de 2023. https://opinion.inquirer.net/162225/ph-amid-looming-us-china-conflict
  15. Cabrera, Ferdinand. 2022. “6 Killed in Fresh Round of Hostilities in Cotabato Province”. Rappler, 9 de diciembre de 2022. https://www.rappler.com/nation/mindanao/fresh-round-hostilities-cotabato-province-december-9-2022/
  16. Canoy, Jeff y Chiara Zambrano. 2019. “Kapitan ng bangkang Pinoy kinuwento ang pambabangga ng Chinese ship”. ABS-CBN News, 14 de junio de 2019. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/06/14/19/kapitan-ng-bangkang-pinoy-kinuwento-ang-pambabanggang-chinese-ship
  17. Caparas, Jeff. 2023a. “Navotas police chief, 22 tauhan pinasibak sa puwesto”. ABS-CBN News, 16 de agosto de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/16/23/navotas-police-chief-22-tauhan-pinasibak-sa-puwesto
  18. Caparas, Jeff. 2023b. “Huling drug case ni De Lima ini-raffle muli matapos mag-inhibit ang 2 judge”. ABS-CBN News, 12 de julio de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/07/12/23/huling-drug-case-ni-de-lima-ni-reraffle-matapos-mag-inhibit-2-judge
  19. Casimiro, Queenie. 2022. “Ceasefire ng militar, MILF ipinatupad sa Ungkaya Pukan, Basilan”. ABS-CBN News, 11 de noviembre de 2022. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/11/22/ceasefire-ipinatupad-sa-ungkaya-pukan-basilan
  20. Castro, Pam. 2023. “Ressa Says Philippine Press Freedom Improving, But Still ‘Work to Do’”. ABS-CBN News, 12 de septiembre de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/spotlight/09/12/23/ressa-ph-press-freedom-improving-but-still-work-to-do
  21. Corrales, Nestor y Ronnel W. Domingo. 2023. “Maharlika Funds to Be Managed Well–Marcos”. Inquirer, 19 de julio de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1803655/presidents-vow-maharlika-funds-to-be-managed-well
  22. Cupin, Bea. 2022. “Bilateral ‘Gift’: Saudi Promises 10,000 OFWs to Get Their Unpaid Salaries”. Rappler, 18 de noviembre de 2022. https://www.rappler.com/nation/national-news/saudi-philippines-bilateral-meeting-apec-summit-2022/
  23. Cupin, Bea. 2023a. “Marcos: Chinese Envoy’s Taiwan Statement Just ‘Lost in Translation’”. Rappler, 19 de abril de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/marcos-chinese-ambassador-taiwan-statement-lost-in-translation/
  24. Cupin, Bea. 2023b. “Philippines Summons China Envoy, Files Protest over Water Cannon Incident”. Rappler, 7 de agosto de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/philippines-summons-china-ambassador-files-protest-water-cannon-incident-august-2023/
  25. Cupin, Bea. 2023c. “Philippines Completes Resupply to Grounded Ship amid China Harassment”. Rappler, 22 de agosto de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/philippines-resupply-mission-grounded-navy-ship-ayungin-south-china-sea-august-22-2023/
  26. Dava, Bianca. 2023a. “Ambassador ‘misquoted’ sa pahayag tungkol sa OFWs sa Taiwan: Chinese embassy”. ABS-CBN News, 17 de abril de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/video/news/04/17/23/chinese-ambassador-misquoted-umano-sa-pahayag-tungkol-sa-ofws
  27. Dava, Bianca. 2023b. “Itinuturing na lider ng ISIS-Southeast Asia patay sa engkuwentro sa Marawi”. ABS-CBN News, 14 de junio de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/video/news/06/14/23/itinuturing-na-lider-ng-isis-southeast-asia-patay-sa-engkuwentro
  28. David, Randy. 2023. “The Continuing Saga of Leila de Lima”. Inquirer, 14 de mayo de 2023. https://opinion.inquirer.net/163111/the-continuing-saga-of-leila-de-lima
  29. De Leon, Dwight. 2023. “National Historical Commission Faces P85-Million Budget Cut for 2024”. Rappler, 20 de septiembre de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/national-historical-commission-faces-budget-cut-2024/
  30. De Lunas, Champ. 2023. “‘Mama’s boy’: Ina ng binatilyong binaril ng mga pulis-Navotas, inalala ang anak”. ABS-CBN News, 13 de agosto de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/spotlight/08/13/23/mamas-boy-ina-ng-binatilyong-binaril-ng-mga-pulis-inalala-ang-anak
  31. De Villa, Kathleen y Nestor Corrales. 2023. “Marcos Declares COVID Health Emergency Over”. Inquirer, 23 de julio de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1805540/marcos-declares-covid-health-emergency-over
  32. Department of Agriculture [Filipinas]. 2023. “KADIWA to Enter Metro Manila Markets”. 13 de febrero de 2023. https://www.da.gov.ph/kadiwa-to-enter-metro-manila-markets/
  33. Department of Finance [Filipinas]. 2023. “DOF Welcomes Senate Approval of RCEP Ratification”. 22 de febrero de 2023. https://www.dof.gov.ph/dof-welcomes-senate-approval-of-rcep-ratification/
  34. Esmaquel II, Paterno R. 2016. “Philippines Wins Case vs China”. Rappler, 12 de julio de 2016. https://www.rappler.com/nation/137202-philippines-china-ruling-case-west-philippine-sea/
  35. Fonseca, Fabricio. 2023. “Taiwán: entre una economía pujante, elecciones locales y la cuarta crisis del estrecho”. Anuario Asia Pacífico El Colegio de México 2023. https://doi.org/10.24201/aap.2023.356 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24201/aap.2023.356
  36. Galvez, Daphne. 2023. “Palace Identifies 4 Additional Edca Sites”. Inquirer, 3 de abril de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1751823/fwd-palace-bares-4-additional-edca-sites
  37. Gavilan, Jodesz. 2023. “A Mother Thinks the Worst Is Over After Duterte. Then Her Son Is Killed under Marcos”. Rappler, 11 de junio de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/mother-thinks-worst-over-after-duterte-drug-war-son-killed-ferdinand-marcos-jr/
  38. GMA Integrated News. 2023. “Gabriela: Chinese Ambassador ‘Crossed the Line’ with Taiwan OFWs Remark”. 18 de abril de 2023. https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/topstories/nation/867326/gabriela-chinese-ambassador-crossed-the-line-with-taiwan-ofws-remark/story/
  39. Gregorio, Xave. 2023. “Extremely Early Presidential Survey Places Sara Duterte as Top Contender for 2028”. Philstar Global, 12 de junio de 2023. https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2023/06/12/2273345/extremely-early-presidential-survey-places-sara-duterte-top-contender-202
  40. Gulla, Vivienne. 2023. “Bureau of Plant Industry, sinita sa Kamara dahil sa onion hoarding”. ABS-CBN News, 5 de septiembre de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/09/05/23/bureau-of-plant-industry-sinita-sa-kamara-dahil-sa-onion-hoarding
  41. Hontiveros, Risa. 2023. “Senator Risa Hontiveros: Explanation of No Vote on RCEP”. Comunicado de prensa, Senate of the Philippines, 22 de febrero de 2023. https://legacy.senate.gov.ph/press_release/2023/0222_hontiveros1.asp
  42. Huang Xilian. 2023. “Full Text: Chinese Ambassador Huang Xilian’s Remarks at the 8th Manila Forum”. Philstar Global, 17 de abril de 2023. https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2023/04/17/2259558/full-text-chinese-ambassador-huang-xilians-remarks-8th-manila-forum
  43. Inquirer. 2023. “Bongbong Marcos, VP Duterte, Romualdez Get High Approval Rating”. 20 de julio de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1804835/bongbong-marcos-vp-duterte-romualdez-get-high-approval-rating
  44. Jaymalin, Mayen. 2023. “Saudi Arabia to Hire 1 Million Skilled Pinoy Workers”. Philstar Global, 31 de mayo de 2023. https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2023/05/31/2270293/saudi-arabia-hire-1-million-skilled-pinoy-workers
  45. La Viña, Antonio. 2023a. “Paglaya ni Maria Ressa”. Pinoy Weekly, 1 de febrero de 2023. https://pinoyweekly.org/2023/02/paglaya-ni-maria-ressa/
  46. La Viña, Antonio. 2023b. “Ang Maharlika Investment Fund at ang ordinaryong Pilipino”. Pinoy Weekly, 14 de julio de 2023. https://pinoyweekly.org/2023/07/ang-maharlika-investment-fund-at-ang-ordinaryong-pilipino/
  47. Lalu, Gabriel Pabico. 2023. “State of National Emergency Due to Lawless Violence in Mindanao Lifted”. Inquirer, 27 de julio de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1808329/state-of-national-emergency-due-to-lawless-violence-in-mindanao-lifted
  48. Lao, Waya. 2023. “List: Events, Activities on 51st Martial Law Commemoration”. Rappler, 20 de septiembre de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/moveph/list-martial-law-commemoration-events-activities-philippines-2023/
  49. Lee Hsi-Min. 2021. “Taiwan’s Overall Defense Concept: Theory and the Practice”. Hoover Institution, 27 de septiembre de 2021. https://www.hoover.org/sites/default/files/210927_adm_lee_hoover_remarks_draft4.pdf
  50. Magsambol, Bonz. 2023. “Sara Duterte Brings Red-Tagging to DepEd”. Rappler, 28 de abril de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/sara-duterte-brings-red-tagging-deped/
  51. Mangaluz, Jean. 2023. “China Hit PH Vessels with One of World’s Strongest Water Cannons, Says NSC Exec”. Inquirer, 9 de agosto de 2023. https://globalnation.inquirer.net/217543/china-hit-ph-vessels-with-one-of-worlds-strongest-water-canons-says-nsc
  52. Manhit, Dindo. 2023. “New Edca Sites Prove Shared Commitment”. Inquirer, 15 de abril de 2023. https://opinion.inquirer.net/162377/new-edca-sites-prove-shared-commitment
  53. Manos, Merlyn. 2023. “Suspek sa ambush kay Gov. Adiong patay nang manlaban umano”. ABS-CBN News, 5 de mayo de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/05/05/23/suspek-sa-adiong-ambush-patay-nang-manlaban-umano
  54. Marcos, Ferdinand. 2023. “Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr., Second State of the Nation Address”. Official Gazette, 24 de julio de 2023. https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2023/07/24/ferdinand-r-marcos-jr-first-state-of-the-nation-address-july-24-2023/
  55. Mậu Trường. 2019. “Ngư dân Việt Nam kể chuyện cứu 22 thuyền viện Philippines bị tàu Trung Quốc đam”. Tuổi Trẻ Online, 19 de agosto de 2019. https://tuoitre.vn/ngu-dan-viet-nam-ke-chuyen-cuu-22-thuyen-vien-philippines-bi-tau-trung-quoc-dam-20190819120446792.htm
  56. Mendoza, John Eric. 2023. “US, PH Agree to Four New Edca Sites”. Inquirer, 2 de febrero de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1724471/fwd-us-ph-agrees-to-new-edca-sites
  57. Montaño, Len. 2019. “Duterte gustong gawing Maharlika ang pangalang Pilipinas”. Radyo Inquirer, 11 de febrero de 2019. https://radyo.inquirer.net/163080/duterte-gustong-gawing-maharlika-ang-pangalang-pilipinas
  58. Ortuoste, Maria. 2021. “La pandemia y otros males: Filipinas en 2020”. Anuario Asia Pacífico El Colegio de México 2021. https://doi.org/10.24201/aap.2021.328 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24201/aap.2021.328
  59. Pawid, Reiniel. 2022. “3 detainee patay sa tangkang pagtakas sa Camp Crame; De Lima nahostage”. ABS-CBN News, 9 de octubre de 2022. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/10/09/22/3-detainee-patay-sa-tangkang-pagtakas-sa-camp-crame
  60. Pinoy Weekly. 2023a. “Matatag sa panunupil”. 5 de septiembre de 2023. https://pinoyweekly.org/2023/09/matatag-sa-panunupil/
  61. Pinoy Weekly. 2023b. “Nagbalat-kayong kaibigan”. 12 de junio de 2023. https://pinoyweekly.org/2023/06/nagbabalat-kayong-kaibigan/
  62. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2023a. “A Victory for Press Freedom”. 23 de enero de 2023. https://opinion.inquirer.net/160490/a-victory-for-press-freedom
  63. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2023b. “Keep Watchful Eye on Maharlika Fund”. 4 de septiembre de 2023. https://opinion.inquirer.net/166045/keep-watchful-eye-on-maharlika-fund
  64. Presidential Communications Office. 2022. “PBBM off to China for a State Visit on Jan. 3-5”. Comunicado de prensa, 29 de diciembre de 2022. https://pco.gov.ph/news_releases/pbbm-off-to-china-for-a-state-visit-on-jan-3-5/
  65. Presidential Communications Office. 2023. “PBBM: EDCA Sites Won’t Be Used for ‘Offensive Action’ But a Chance to bolster PH Territorial Defense Initiatives”. Comunicado de prensa, 10 de abril de 2023. https://pco.gov.ph/news_releases/pbbm-edca-sites-wont-be-used-for-offensive-action-but-a-chance-to-bolster-ph-territorial-defense-initiatives/
  66. Punongbayan, Jean Carlo. 2023. False Nostalgia: The Marcos “Golden Age” Myths and How to Debunk Them. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
  67. Purdey, Jemma, Teresa S. Encarnacion Tadem y Eduardo C. Tadem. 2016. “Political Dynasties in the Philippines: Persistent Patterns, Perennial Problems”. South East Asia Research 24 (3): 328-340. https://doi.org/10.1177/0967828X16659730 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0967828X16659730
  68. Rappler. 2023. “[Editorial] Reality check: May kalayaan ba sa panahon ni Marcos Jr.?”. 12 de junio de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/voices/editorials/freedom-reality-check-independence-day-2023-ferdinand-marcos-jr-presidency/
  69. Reyes, Dempsey, Krixia Subingsubing y Marlon Ramos. 2023. “Sara Duterte Undaunted by Attacks against Her Secret Funds”. Inquirer, 12 de septiembre de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1830098/vp-undaunted-by-attacks-against-her-secret-funds
  70. Reuters. 2023. “Philippines’ Marcos Suffers ‘Significant’ Drop in Approval Rating”. 2 de octubre de 2023. https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/philippines-marcos-suffers-significant-drop-approval-rating-2023-10-02/
  71. Roa, Ana y Marlon Ramos. 2022. “What’s in a Name? ‘Maharlika’ Evokes Time of Mythmaking”. Inquirer, 4 de diciembre de 2022. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1701010/whats-in-a-name-maharlika-evokes-time-of-mythmaking
  72. Ruud, Arild Engelse y Cecilie Endresen. 2022. “Philippine Elections 2022: Bongbong Marcos Stories as Told by Filipino Voters”. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs 44 (3): 404-410. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27193038
  73. Santos, Tina G. 2023. “US, Allies Slam China for Firing Water Cannons on PH Vessels”. Inquirer, 7 de agosto de 2023. https://globalnation.inquirer.net/217352/us-allies-slam-china-for-firing-water-cannons-on-ph-vessels
  74. Santos, Vergel O. 2023. “[Newspoint] Marcos’ Dilemma”. Rappler, 29 de julio de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/voices/thought-leaders/newspoint-marcos-dilemma-leila-de-lima/
  75. Scalice, Joseph. 2023. The Drama of Dictatorship: Martial Law and the Communist Parties of the Philippines. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7591/cornell/9781501770463.001.0001
  76. Storey, Ian y Lin Cheng-yi. 2016. “Introduction”. En The South China Sea Dispute: Navigating Diplomatic and Strategic Tensions, editado por Ian Storey y Lin Chengyi, 1-20. Singapur: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute DOI: https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814695565-002
  77. TeleRadyo. 2023. “Tensyon pagitan ng Pilipinas, China pinapalaki lang: Cagayan governor”. ABS-CBN News, 5 de abril de 2023. https://news.abs-cbn.com/video/news/04/05/23/tensyon-pagitan-ng-ph-china-pinapalaki-lang-cagayan-gov
  78. Tomacruz, Sofia. 2023. “China Aims Laser at Philippine Coast Guard Ship in West PH Sea”. Rappler, 13 de febrero de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/china-aims-laser-philippine-coast-guard-ship-west-philippine-sea-february-2023/
  79. Torres-Tupas, Tetch. 2023. “Pasig Court Acquits Maria Ressa, Rappler of Tax Evasion”. Inquirer, 12 de septiembre de 2023. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1830222/nobel-laureate-maria-ressa-acquitted-of-tax-evasion
  80. United Nations Human Rights Council. 2018. “Opinions Adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention at Its Eighty-Second Session, 20-24 August 2018”. 30 de noviembre de 2018. https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G18/352/97/PDF/G1835297.pdf
  81. UP Departamento ng Kasaysayan. 2023. “Pahayag ng UP Departamento ng Kasaysayan”. Facebook, 18 de septiembre de 2023. https://www.facebook.com/historyadorngbayan/posts/pfbid02Nut6iBSLyPJnxBWFSaCHAapVr2CY6wjUtjhp8K8n6n5hMu2fbKe8n6tpAiUR7irBl
  82. USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). 2023. “Grain: World Markets and Trade”. Noviembre de 2023. https://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/grain.pdf
  83. Villanueva, Val A. 2023. “[Vantage Point] Leila de Lima’s Case: A Perversion of Justice”. Rappler, 11 de mayo de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/voices/thought-leaders/vantage-point-leila-de-lima-case-perversion-of-justice/
  84. Yuching, Matthew G. 2023. “Fast Facts: Things to Know about the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership”. Rappler, 14 de febrero de 2023. https://www.rappler.com/nation/things-to-know-regional-comprehensive-economic-partnership/

Cómo citar

Bayona, Jorge, y Kelly Van Acker. 2024. "Filipinas En 2023: El Primer año De La administración Marcos-Duterte". Anuario Asia Pacífico El Colegio de México. México, MX, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.24201/aap.2024.385

Metricas Vistas/Descargas

  • Resumen visto - 92 veces
  • PDF descargado: 14 veces